Unified Accountability Framework
Accountability has been a cornerstone of the Every Woman Every Child movement since its launch in 2010. The sense of community and partnership, and that of common goals and challenges in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health gave the EWEC movement its strength. This has also helped shape its accountability model, which includes mandatory reporting from commitment makers.
With the updated Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent Health (2016-2030), accountability continues to be a key priority for the Every Woman Every Child movement. Launched in September 2015 alongside the Sustainable Development Goals, the Global Strategy is fully aligned with SDG targets and corresponding indicators.
The Every Woman Every Child accountability model has now been strengthened through a Unified Accountability Framework to support action towards the Global Strategy. In the context of the broader SDG follow-up and review processes over the next fifteen years, the UAF approach includes: measurement, inclusion and participation, and transparency and independence.
Key UAF functions include:
- Facilitate tracking of resources, results and rights, including through multistakeholder commitments and multisectoral action, to achieve the Global Strategy objectives and the SDGs.
- Promote alignment of national, regional and global investments and initiatives in support of the country accountability system and plans, and improve multistakeholder engagement at all levels, including through citzens’ hearings.
- Contribute to national and SDGs monitoring through the Global Strategy Indicator and Monitoring Framework, which covers 9 SDGs and prioritizes 60 indicators—34 from the SDGs and an additional 26 indicators drawn from established global indicators—to help avoid duplication.
- Support a critical independent review function through the Independent Accountability Panel (IAP). The IAP will produce an annual ‘State of the World’s Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health’ report and, in so doing, identify areas to increase progress and accelerate action.
- Harmonize with other accountability initiatives, such as the Health Data Collaborative (HDC), the Countdown to 2030 and others; including to strengthen country information systems as required and support reporting for national planning and on progress towards the Global Strategy and the SDGs.
In order to reduce the country-to-global reporting burden on countries, the Unified Accountability Framework will focus on 60 indicators as recommended in the Global Strategy Indicator and Monitoring Framework. These indicators are drawn from the SDGs and established global initiatives for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child and adolescent health.
Substantial country support and ownership over national plans are required to ensure adequate data collection, compilation, data quality assessment and analysis, dissemination and use. The UAF will be essential to ensure the support of a single health information system that is closely linked to national statistical systems.
National efforts to improve information systems will help rally global technical support in support of country-led plans. In this way, countries will be better supported in their efforts to strengthen vital statistics systems, health surveys, birth & death registration, health-facility reporting systems, monitoring of health-system resources and invest in research for better monitoring in priority areas.
Independent Accountability Panel
In September 2015, the UN Secretary-General launched the Every Woman Every Child Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health to help further the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Agenda. The strategy builds on 15 years of progress under the Millennium Development Goals and the Every Woman Every Child (EWEC) movement. A key strategic priority for EWEC is to ensure strong implementation of the SDGs.
To this end, the UN Secretary-General appointed the Every Woman Every Child’s Independent Accountability Panel (IAP). IAP’s vision is to provide an independent and transparent review of progress on the implementation of the Global Strategy and to identify and advocate the necessary actions to accelerate achievement of its goals from the accountability perspective, using as a starting point, the Strategy’s Indicator and Monitoring Framework.
IAP is deeply committed to uncovering the root causes and to find solutions for the reduction of maternal and child deaths, so that we can meet the ambitious targets set by the new Global Strategy. IAP is committed to support the strengthening of national and sub-national accountability mechanisms and will rely upon their work to develop insights and recommendations.
As a result, the Panel produced its inaugural report: Old Challenges, New Hope in September 2016, during the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly. The report provided an independent assessment of progress and challenges to help strengthen the response from the international health community and countries. Since the first report, two additional reports have been launched at high-level events during the UN General Assembly in New York in 2017 and 2018: the 2017 Report Transformative Accountability for Adolescents and the 2018 Report on Private Sector: Who is Accountable?.
The next report on the theme of women, children and adolescents in humanitarian settings will be the IAP’s fourth report.
The IAP will carry forward the work of the Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health (CoIA). The CoIA produced 10 recommendations including the appointment of a nine member independent Expert Review Group (iERG), hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO). The iERG’s 2014 report and the Global Strategy call for the establishment of the IAP to carry forward the work of the iERG into the SDG era.
The IAP’s secretariat will be independent, housed at PMNCH, and will undertake their role on a pro Bono basis.
The IAP is comprised of the following distinguished panelists from diverse regions and backgrounds that range from human rights experts, to humanitarian leaders, to statisticians.
These panelists are empowered to command attention from the global community across the full range of the updated Global Strategy’s accountability framework—to monitor, review and act—and across the spectrum of issues that comprise the Global Strategy’s “Survive, Thrive, and Transform” themes.
- Joy Phumaphi [Co-Chair], Botswana
- Kul Gautam [Co-Chair], Nepal
- Nicholas Alipui, M.D., Ghana
- Carol Kidu, Papua New Guninea
- Brenda Killen, UK
- Giorgi Pkhakadze, Georgia
- Jovana Magdalein Rios Cisnero, Panama
- Gita Sen, India
- Alicia Ely Yamen, USA