14 July 2017
Climate and Clean Air Coalition
Accounting for around 7 million deaths each year, exposure to air pollution is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases like heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and respiratory infections like childhood pneumonia. More than 50% of premature deaths among children under 5 are due to pneumonia caused by particulate matter (soot) inhaled from household air pollution (WHO). Global action on short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – mainly black carbon, methane and hydrofluorocarbons – by 2030 can prevent an estimated 2.4 million deaths annually from outdoor air pollution, significantly reduce the estimated 4.3 million deaths and other health impacts from indoor air pollution, and avoid 52 million tons of crop losses annually, while slowing down the warming expected by 2050 by 0.6 C, and in sensitive regions of the world reducing the disruption of rainfall patterns, slowing the melting of some glaciers, and reducing the rate of sea-level rise. The Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), over the next five years, will prioritize its resources to support the development and implementation of policies and practices that will deliver reductions of pollutants such as black carbon and methane that contribute to indoor and outdoor air pollution as well as near-term warming of the global climate.
The Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC) over the next five years, commits to focusing on catalyzing policies and practices that will deliver reductions pollutants such as household air pollutants which negatively impact the health of women and young children. CCAC commits support household air pollutant interventions such as the use of clean cookstoves to prevent an estimated 500,000 child deaths globally. Household air pollutants cause a 90 gram decrease in birthweight for newborns which negatively impacts their chance for survival. The CCAC will support the implementation of the 16 cost-effective measures to address Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) identified in the UNEP / WMO Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone (2011). If fully implemented by 2030, they could reduce global methane emissions by about 40% and black carbon emissions by about 80% relative to a reference scenario. In 2015-2016, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition’s Household Energy Initiative supported the strengthening of a number of institutions, including national testing centres, foundations, universities, and international organisations such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The initiative supported the production of the Black carbon testing protocol for wood stoves, the Gold Standard Foundation’s Black carbon accounting methodology for cookstoves, and the University of California’s (Berkeley) Household Air Pollution Intervention Tool (HAPIT) that estimates and compares the health benefits from stove and/or fuel programs that reduce exposure to household air pollution.