Unified Accountability Framework
Accountability has been a cornerstone of the Every Woman Every Child movement since its launch in 2010. The sense of community and partnership, and that of common goals and challenges in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health gave the EWEC movement its strength. This has also helped shape its accountability model, which includes mandatory reporting from commitment makers.
With the updated Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescent Health (2016-2030), accountability continues to be a key priority for the Every Woman Every Child movement. Launched in September 2015 alongside the Sustainable Development Goals, the Global Strategy is fully aligned with SDG targets and corresponding indicators.
The Every Woman Every Child accountability model has now been strengthened through a Unified Accountability Framework to support action towards the Global Strategy. In the context of the broader SDG follow-up and review processes over the next fifteen years, the UAF approach includes: measurement, inclusion and participation, and transparency and independence.
Key UAF functions include:
- Facilitate tracking of resources, results and rights, including through multistakeholder commitments and multisectoral action, to achieve the Global Strategy objectives and the SDGs.
- Promote alignment of national, regional and global investments and initiatives in support of the country accountability system and plans, and improve multistakeholder engagement at all levels, including through citzens’ hearings.
- Contribute to national and SDGs monitoring through the Global Strategy Indicator and Monitoring Framework, which covers 9 SDGs and prioritizes 60 indicators – 34 from the SDGs and an additional 26 indicators drawn from established global indicators – to help avoid duplication.
- Support a critical independent review function through the Independent Accountability Panel (IAP). The IAP will produce an annual ‘State of the World’s Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health’ report and, in so doing, identify areas to increase progress and accelerate action.
- Harmonize with other accountability initiatives, such as the Health Data Collaborative (HDC), the Countdown to 2030 and others; including to strengthen country information systems as required and support reporting for national planning and on progress towards the Global Strategy and the SDGs.
In order to reduce the country-to-global reporting burden on countries, the Unified Accountability Framework will focus on 60 indicators as recommended in the Global Strategy Indicator and Monitoring Framework. These indicators are drawn from the SDGs and established global initiatives for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child and adolescent health.
Substantial country support and ownership over national plans are required to ensure adequate data collection, compilation, data quality assessment and analysis, dissemination and use. The UAF will be essential to ensure the support of a single health information system that is closely linked to national statistical systems.
National efforts to improve information systems will help rally global technical support in support of country-led plans. In this way, countries will be better supported in their efforts to strengthen vital statistics systems, health surveys, birth & death registration, health-facility reporting systems, monitoring of health-system resources and invest in research for better monitoring in priority areas.
Independent Accountability Panel
In September 2015, the UN Secretary-General launched the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health to help further the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Agenda. The strategy builds on 15 years of progress under the Millennium Development Goals and the Every Woman Every Child (EWEC) movement. A key strategic priority for EWEC is to ensure strong implementation of the SDGs.
To this end, the UN Secretary-General appointed the Every Woman Every Child’s Independent Accountability Panel (IAP). The Panel will produce its first report in September 2016, during the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly. The report will provide an independent assessment of progress and challenges to help strengthen the response from the international health community and countries. In subsequent years, the annual report is expected to coincide with the relevant Sustainable Development Goals follow-up and review processes, such as the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.
The IAP is comprised of the following distinguished panelists from diverse regions and backgrounds that range from human rights experts to humanitarian leaders to statisticians. These panelists are empowered to command attention from the global community across the full range of the updated Global Strategy’s accountability framework – to monitor, review and act – and across the spectrum of issues that comprise the Global Strategy’s “Survive, Thrive, and Transform” themes.
1. Carmen Barroso [Co-Chair], Brazil
2. Kul Gautam [Co-Chair], Nepal
3. Brenda Killen, UK
4. Pali Lehohla, South Africa
5. Winfred Osimbo Lichuma, Kenya
6. Elizabeth Mason, UK
7. Vinod K. Paul, India
8. Giorgi Pkhakadze, Georgia
9. Dakshitha Wickremarathne, Sri Lanka
10. Alicia Ely Yamin, USA
The IAP will carry forward the work of the Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health (COIA). The COIA produced 10 recommendations including the appointment of a nine member independent Expert Review Group (iERG), hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO). The iERG’s 2014 report and the Global Strategy call for the establishment of the IAP to carry forward the work of the iERG into the SDG era.
The Board of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH), chaired by Mrs. Graça Machel, led a selection process that yielded a shortlist of candidates for consideration by the UN Secretary-General. The confidentiality of applicants and nominees was maintained throughout this process. The IAP’s secretariat will be independent, housed at PMNCH.
The IAP will undertake their roles on a pro bono basis.