Accountability has been a cornerstone of the Every Woman Every Child movement since its launch in 2010. The sense of community and partnership, and that of common goals and challenges in the area of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health gave the EWEC movement its strength. This has also helped shape its accountability model, which includes mandatory reporting from commitment makers.
With the updated Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescent Health (2016-2030), accountability continues to be a key priority for the Every Woman Every Child movement. Launched in September 2015 alongside the Sustainable Development Goals, the Global Strategy is fully aligned with SDG targets and corresponding indicators.
The Every Woman Every Child accountability model has now been strengthened through a Unified Accountability Framework to support action towards the Global Strategy. In the context of the broader SDG follow-up and review processes over the next fifteen years, the UAF approach includes: measurement, inclusion and participation, and transparency and independence.
Key UAF functions include:
- Facilitate tracking of resources, results and rights, including through multistakeholder commitments and multisectoral action, to achieve the Global Strategy objectives and the SDGs.
- Promote alignment of national, regional and global investments and initiatives in support of the country accountability system and plans, and improve multistakeholder engagement at all levels, including through citzens’ hearings.
- Contribute to national and SDGs monitoring through the Global Strategy Indicator and Monitoring Framework, which covers 9 SDGs and priorizes 60 indicators - 34 from the SDGs and an additional 26 indicators drawn from established global indicators - to help avoid duplication.
- Support a critical independent review function through the Independent Accountability Panel (IAP). The IAP will produce an annual ‘State of the World’s Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health’ report and, in so doing, identify areas to increase progress and accelerate action.
- Harmonize with other accountability initiatives, such as the Health Data Collaborative (HDC), the Countdown to 2030 and others; including to strengthen country information systems as required and support reporting for national planning and on progress towards the Global Strategy and the SDGs.
In order to reduce the country-to-global reporting burden on countries, the Unified Accountability Framework will focus on 60 indicators as recommended in the Global Strategy Indicator and Monitoring Framework. These indicators are drawn from the SDGs and established global initiatives for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child and adolescent health.
Substantial country support and ownership over national plans are required to ensure adequate data collection, compilation, data quality assessment and analysis, dissemination and use. The UAF will be essential to ensure the support of a single health information system that is closely linked to national statistical systems.
National efforts to improve information systems will help rally global technical support in support of country-led plans. In this way, countries will be better supported in their efforts to strengthen vital statistics systems, health surveys, birth & death registration, health-facility reporting systems, monitoring of health-system resources and invest in research for better monitoring in priority areas.