What is Every Woman Every Child ?Launched by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) summit in September 2010, Every Woman Every Child aims to save and improve the lives of millions of women, children and adolescents around the world. It is an unprecedented global movement that mobilizes and intensifies international and national action by governments, multilaterals, the private sector, research and academia, and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women, children and adolescents everywhere. At its inception, the movement put into action the Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health (2010 -2015), a five year road map to improve the health of women and children.
Building on the success of the Strategy, in September 2015 the UN Secretary General launched an updated Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health (2016 -2030), which will continue to underpin the Every Woman Every Child movement and puts into action a road map alligned with the Sustainable Development Goals for ending all preventable deaths and improving the overall health and well-being of women, children, and adolescents by 2030.
What is the Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Health?The Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s, and Adolescents’ Health, 2016-2030 is a roadmap for ending all preventable maternal, newborn and child deaths, including stillbirths, by 2030, and improving the overall health and well-being of women, children, and adolescents. It builds on the first Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health launched by the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 2010, which galvanized political leadership, attracted billions of dollars, and created Every Woman Every Child, a powerful multistakeholder movement for health. Since that time, millions of lives were saved and progress towards the health MDGs was accelerated.
The updated Global Strategy builds on the successes and lessons of the previous strategy, but is broader and more ambitious. It is fully aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and is based on the evidence of what is needed and what works. The Global Strategy has several important new and enhanced areas of focus, including:
- Equity—a stronger focus on reaching the most vulnerable and leaving no one behind;
- Universality—including an explicit focus on humanitarian and fragile settings;
- Adolescents—the “SDG generation”;
- Life-course approach—health and well-being interconnected at every age;
- Multisector—enhancing collaboration with nutrition, education, water, sanitation, hygiene and infrastructure.
Why has the Global Strategy been developed?The era of the MDGs witnessed dramatic and unprecedented progress in reducing child and maternal deaths. Deaths of children under the age of five decreased by 49% compared to 1990, and maternal deaths decreased by 47%. But despite progress, much remains to be done. Far too many women, children and adolescents worldwide still have little or no access to clean water, adequate sanitation, good nutrition, and essential, good-quality health services and are unable to participate fully in society. As a result, 6.3 million children under the age of five, 289,000 women, 2.8 million newborns, 2.6 million stillborns and 1.3 million adolescents die needlessly each year. Many more suffer illness and disability, fail to reach their full potential and face barriers to participating fully in society—resulting in enormous loss and costs for countries today and for future generations.
That is why this Global Strategy for Women's, Children's and Adolescents' Heallth is so essential. It aims to urgently complete the unfinished work of the MDGs, address inequities within and between countries, strengthen fragile health systems, and help countries begin implementing the 2030 Agenda without delay. The Global Strategy aims to keep women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health at the top of the political agenda and at the heart of the SDGs.
Who is the Global Strategy for?The Global Strategy is intended to inspire and support country-led action, so politicians, policy-makers and leaders from all stakeholder groups are its primary audience. Key partners include health professional associations, civil society, academic institutions, multilateral and bilateral agencies, foundations, and the private sector. The Global Strategy provides a platform to guide greater integration among actors in the health sector and with other sectors such as nutrition, education, water, hygiene and sanitation, and infrastructure.
The Global Strategy is also a roadmap for all people—women, children and adolescents, their families and communities—to claim their rights by driving change and holding leaders to account.
What are the main pillars of the Global Strategy?The Global Strategy is aligned with development effectiveness and humanitarian norms, and is built on the guiding principles of country leadership, human rights, community ownership and accountability. The Strategy sets out three objectives to be achieved by 2030:
- Survive—End preventable deaths;
- Thrive—Ensure health and well-being;
- Transform—Expand enabling environments.
These are in line with the SDGs, building on globally agreed goals and targets of specific strategies and action plans, many of which have been endorsed by Member States at the World Health Assembly in recent years.